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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74-82

Aerobic exercises versus low-caloric diet for mild fatty liver patients with central obesity

1 Physical Therapy of Cardiovascular/Respiratory Disorder and Geriatrics, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Fatma M.M Abdeen Sallama
Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt, 2008 Gharbia, El-Santa, El Magles El Mahaly St
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bfpt.bfpt_68_16

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Background and aims Exercise and weight loss are the first-line therapy for patients with mild fatty liver with central obesity. We aimed to (i) summarize a moderate aerobic exercise program and low-caloric diet program and (ii) to compare the effect of moderate aerobic exercise program versus low-caloric diet program on liver biochemistry. The purpose of this study was to determine the response of liver enzymes to aerobic exercise versus low-caloric diet in mild fatty liver patients with central obesity. Patients and methods The study was carried out on 40 patients with mild fatty liver, central obesity, and elevated liver enzymes. Their ages ranged between 30 and 45 years; the patients were assigned to two groups equal in number. Group 1 received a program of moderate intensity aerobic exercise on electronic treadmill (60–70% of maximum heart rate) for 50 min three times a week for 8 weeks. Group 2 followed a program of low-caloric diet for 8 weeks. Liver enzymes, BMI, waist circumference, and fat content were measured for both groups before and after program. Results The results of this study showed that there were no significant (P>0.05) differences between the findings of both groups. However, there were significant (P<0.05) decreases in all outcome measures after treatment compared with that before treatment in both groups except for the BMI. Conclusion Moderate intensity aerobic exercise and low-caloric diet are effective in decreasing liver enzymes, waist circumference, and fat content in patients with mild fatty liver.

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